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Vietnam's National Flowers

vietnam-national-flowers-hanoi Flower bouquets sold at local markets

Located in a tropical region, Vietnam has various kinds of plants. During the festive time, Vietnamese often use different kinds of flowers and plants to decorate their house. There are several names to be mentioned: daisy, sunflower, tulip, lily, carnation, orchid, rose, kumquat, etc. And trees like plumeria, bougainvillea, and periwinkle are planted to put some colors in small gardens or yards. In this article, we will introduce to you Vietnam's national flowers, which are the lotus and other kinds of flowers that are very popular in Vietnam, including apricot blossom, peach blossom, phoenix flower, and white cheesewood flower.

Lotus - Vietnam's National Flowers (Hoa Sen)

Lotus plays an important role in Vietnamese culture. Generation by generation, the lotus has become a symbol of the Vietnamese due to how it blossoms, which makes it stay away from impurity. To the Vietnamese, the lotus symbolizes the purity and serenity of a person. The flower grows in a murky pond, but it rises above the surface to bloom with exceptional beauty and fragrance, just like the courageous Vietnamese. Although we have undergone thousands of years of Northern dominance and a hundred years of Western colonization, we still manage to regain our independence and stand tall today.

For this reason, despite the lotus not been officially recognized as Vietnam's national flower, it is already the national flower of the Vietnamese. No surprise if you see lotus always win the first position in any election of Vietnam's national flower. International friends have long been familiar with the image of the Vietnamese golden lotus as well since it is the logo of Vietnam Airlines, our national airline.

Besides being a wonderful flower, lotus also has a wide range of other usages in cooking and medicine. The young stems of the flower can be used in salads, while the lotus seeds can be candied or be an essential ingredient in many dishes, including main dishes and sweet soups. Moreover, a kind of tea called lotus tea is made from lotus stamens.

vietnam national flowers lotus

Hoa Sen - Lotus

Apricot blossom - Vietnam's National Flowers (Hoa Mai)

If you come to the south of Vietnam on the Tet holiday, you will definitely catch sight of apricot blossom everywhere. This flower is the token of southern spring since it often blooms in spring and its bright and vivid color makes the holiday atmosphere more joyful and delightful. Apricot blossom has two main colors, which are white and yellow. While the white apricot blossom is associated with purity and resilience, the yellow color of the apricot blossom symbolizes luck, prosperity, and longevity. Yellow is also considered the color of the royal.

For this reason, during the Tet holiday, almost every house in the south of Vietnam has an apricot blossom tree, either in white or yellow. There are also festivals and competitions celebrating the spirit of the Lunar New Year and the beauty of the apricot blossoms. If the tree is in full bloom during the first free days of the new year or until the fifteenth, it means good things will come to the family.

vietnam national flowers apricot blossoms

Hoa Mai - Apricot blossom

vietnam national flowers apricot blossoms petals

An apricot blossom can have from 5 to 10 petals

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Peach Blossoms - Vietnam's National Flowers (Hoa Dao)

While apricot blossom is the queen of southern spring, peach blossom takes this place in the north. Initially, the reason why people used peach blossom trees to decorate their houses was to drive away evil spirits. Nowadays, although most youngsters have not known about this anymore, buying a branch of peach blossom has become a beautiful cultural custom of people living in the north. Similar to apricot blossom, peach blossom represents wealth and good fortune. Its soft pink color makes the cold weather of the northern spring warmer and spreads the love and joy among people in the biggest holiday of the year. It also makes people think of Hanoi girls who are very gentle, slightly reserved but still dignified.

hoa dao peach

Hoa Dao - Peach blossom

Phoenix Flowers - Vietnam's National Flowers (Hoa Phuong)

Phoenix tree is often 10 – 15 meters tall, thus it is grown in schools for shading. Because of this, the phoenix flower is often associated with students and summer since it blooms in the summer and it has become an indispensable part of students’ unforgettable memories. The blooming of the phoenix flower is considered a signal of summer. It informs that a school year is going to pass by and there comes a boiling hot summer with no homework but getting up late, visiting hometown or going on a vacation. It is also the evidence of students’ first love which is so pure but also very passionate. A Vietnamese student shows his or her love for the other half in a very romantic way by pressing phoenix petals in an exceptionally beautiful notebook then give it to the one he or she falls for. This act of love has become a source of inspiration for a large number of poems as well as songs.

hoa phuong vi phoenix flower

Hoa Phuong - Phoenix flower

White Cheesewoods or Milk Flowers - Vietnam's National Flowers (Hoa Sua)

If you ask someone in Hanoi about a kind of flower that is firmly imprinted in their mind, it would be milk flowers. Each season in Hanoi has its own special kind of flower. However, for people living there and anyone who has come to Hanoi in fall, what impresses them most must be milk flowers. Besides many historical sights and tourist attractions such as Sword Lake and The Huc Bridge, the milk flower is praised as one of the symbols of Hanoi. It is deemed to represent a Hanoi girl - beautiful and sweet. Milk flowers blossom in late fall and early winter when the weather is a little bit cool, making the atmosphere more romantic and poetic. For this reason, the milk flowers, just like the phoenix flower, are an endless inspiration for artists, poets, and songwriters. There is an array of paintings, photos, poems, songs that take the image of milk flowers as the centerpiece.

hoa sua milk flower

Hoa Sua - Milk flower

Other Honorary Mentions of Vietnam's National Flowers

vietnam national flowers bougainvillea flowers

The bougainvillea flowers is a famous decorative plant in Vietnamese households' gardens

vietnam national flowers marigolds

Marigolds are another famous flower during the Tet holiday, just like the apricot blossoms

Summary of Vietnam's National Flowers

There is a range of flowers in Vietnam due to the settled weather of the nation. The lotus has not been officially recognized as Vietnam's national flower; however, it is always dominant in any race to this position. Besides, other kinds of flowers mentioned, including apricot blossom, peach blossom, phoenix flower, and milk flower are popular in Vietnam, both in real life and in artworks.


Give yourself a chance to come and admire some of these beauties once, and we are always open to questions if you need information on your Vietnam travel. Reach out to us through our Contact page.

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Guest - Yiana Elise on Thursday, 05 March 2020 17:33

Went to the flower festival during the Tet holiday, I took lots of amazing pictures. It was a superb way to spend the new year

Went to the flower festival during the Tet holiday, I took lots of amazing pictures. It was a superb way to spend the new year
Guest - Mollie on Sunday, 27 October 2019 13:11

I saw the apricot blossoms when visited Vietnam at the TET holiday

I saw the apricot blossoms when visited Vietnam at the TET holiday
Guest - Mavis Poppe on Wednesday, 19 June 2019 09:06

Vietnam has the most beautiful flowers I've ever seen. I just wonder if these certain flowers could be bought or imported.

Vietnam has the most beautiful flowers I've ever seen. I just wonder if these certain flowers could be bought or imported.
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