Hanoi is the largest central city in the country since the merge of Ha Tay Province. However, international visitors mainly choose to stay in central districts, and only a few get to experience what this great city has to offer fully. Here is our Hanoi Districts Overview with a suggestion for places that you should not miss.
Hanoi is divided into 12 urban districts, 1 district-leveled town, and 17 suburban districts.
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Location: 28 kilometers from Noi Bai International Airport
Neighboring Districts: Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Long Bien
Named after the famous Lake, Hoan Kiem District is the downtown and business center of Hanoi. Major state-owned corporations and bank’s headquarters are located here. The district now serves a focal point of the Hanoi life and home to the majority of the city’s tourist attractions.
The St. Joseph's Cathedral in the Hanoi Old Quarter
A corner of Hanoi Old Quarter
Hoa Lo Prison
Location: 5 kilometers from Hoan Kiem District
Neighboring Districts: Long Bien, Dong Da, Thanh Xuan, Hoang Mai, Hoan Kiem
The district is named after the legendary heroines in Vietnamese history: the Trung Sisters. Established in 1981, it was one of the first four central districts of Hanoi. Hai Ba Trung District is also home to some of Vietnam’s Top Universities, such as Hanoi University of Technology, Hanoi National Economic University, and Hanoi University of Civil Engineering.
Thong Nhat Park
Location: 6 kilometers from Hoan Kiem District
Neighboring Districts: Long Bien, Hoan Kiem, Cau Giay, Dong Da, Tay Ho
Ba Dinh District is the political center in Vietnam, with the majority of government offices and embassies situated here. The district used to be called the "French Quarter" because of a high concentration of French-style villas and government buildings date back to the French Colonization.
The ancient Hanoi Flag Tower
Thang Long Citadel
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
Location: 5 kilometers from Hai Ba Trung District
Neighboring Districts: Ba Dinh, Hoan Kiem, Hai Ba Trung, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay
Dong Da is the most densely populated area and one of the four original districts in Hanoi. It was named after the Dong Da Mound, where witnessed the end of the Ngoc Hoi battle between the Nguyen Dynasty and the Manchu Qing Army.
The Temple of Literature - the first university in Vietnam
Location: 15 kilometers to the north of Hanoi’s city center
Neighboring Districts: Long Bien, Bac Tu Liem, Ba Dinh, Cau Giay, Dong Anh
Tay Ho District surrounds West Lake, one of the largest bodies of freshwater in all of Vietnam. The proximity to Hanoi’s Downtown, together with the breath-taking scenery of West Lake, makes Tay Ho District a hotspot for high-end living and home to the majority of expatriates living and working in the Capital City of Vietnam.
The lovely sun-setting scene in Tay Ho
Tran Quoc Pagoda is recognized as one of the most beautiful pagodas in the world
Location: 8 kilometers to the west of the city center
Neighboring Districts: Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Nam Tu Liem, Bac Tu Liem, Thanh Xuan, Tay Ho
Despite being established only 23 years ago, Cau Giay now emerges as the new commercial center of Hanoi. The district is named after the famous bridge where the battle of Cau Giay took place in the 19th century. Well-known educational institutions and the Hanoi National University can be found here.
The fancy Keangnam Tower
The outdoor exhibition at Vietnam Museum of Ethnology
Location: 20 kilometers to the East of the city center
Neighboring Districts: Tay Ho, Cau Giay, Dan Phuong, Hoai Duc, Dong Anh
In 2013, the Hanoi Government decided to divide the rural district of Tu Liem into two new urban districts: Nam Tu Liem (the southern part) and Bac Tu Liem (the northern part). Since then, these districts saw a significant development of the facility and high-end apartments.
Location: 15 kilometers to the South-West of Hanoi center
Neighboring Districts: Dong Da, Hoang Mai, Ha Dong, Nam Tu Liem, and Cau Giay
Established in 1996, Thanh Xuan is one of Hanoi’s new districts with a high concentration of modern residential areas and population. Several major universities are located here, namely VNU University of Science, Hanoi University, Hanoi Architectural University.
Location: To the south of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Gia Lam, Long Bien, Thanh Tri, Thanh Xuan, Hai Ba Trung
Hoang Mai was established as an urban district of Hanoi on 6 November 2003. It has the highest population in all of Hanoi’s districts. Most of the city’s major routes run through here.
Yen So Park in Hoang Mai District
Location: 5 kilometers to the east of Hoan Kiem District
Neighboring Districts: Gia Lam, Ba Dinh, Tay Ho, Hoang Mai, Dong Anh
Long Bien District was incorporated as an urban district of Hanoi in 2003 from the northwestern section of Gia Lam district adjacent to the city center.
The icon of Hanoi history - The Long bien Bridge
Location: 12 kilometers to the South-West of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Thanh Tri, Thanh Xuan, Nam Tu Liem, Hoai Duc, Chuong My, Thanh Oai
Ha Dong was formerly a city of Ha Tay Province that was incorporated as an urban district of Hanoi after the merge of Ha Tay into Hanoi’s territory in 2009. It is a land rich in cultural traditions and is one of the localities with the fastest socio-economic development rates of Vietnam’s Capital.
Attractions: Van Phuc Silk Village, Dien Khanh Pagoda
Shopping: Ha Dong Big C Supermarket, Ha Dong Market, Ha Dong AeonMall
Van Phuc Slik Village is one of the oldest traditional handicraft villages in Vietnam.
Location: 35 kilometers to the west of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Ba Vi, Thach That
Son Tay was incorporated into Hanoi in 2009 to become the city’s only district-leveled town. It enjoys the beautiful scenery and connects the city center with the neighboring regions.
Duong Lam Ancient Village, Dong Mo, Va Temple
Duong Lam Ancient Village is a hidden gem in Hanoi
Location: the north-westernmost district of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Son Tay, Thach That, Hoa Binh Province, Phu Tho Province
The beautiful town boasts a landscape of scenic mountains, streams, lakes, and farms.
Ba Vi National Park, Dong Mo Resort
Ba Vi National Park is regarded as the best green space in Vietnam
Location: in the middle of the south-western border of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Thanh Oai, Ha Dong, My Duc
Chuong My is a rural district of Hanoi, located in the Red River Delta Region.
Phuong Ban Temple
Location: To the north-west of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Dong Anh, Bac Tu Liem, Me Linh
The district lies at the junction of three rivers, giving it fertile soil for agricultural development.
Lien Ha and Lien Trung Carpentry Villages
Location: To the north of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Bac Ninh Province, Long Bien, Gia Lam, Tay Ho, Bac Tu Liem
The area used to be the capital city of the former Kingdom of Au Lac and the Ngo Dynasty with beautiful rice-fields.
Co Loa Remnants
Remnants of the ancient capital of Vietnam
Location: 3 kilometers away from Long Bien District
Neighboring Districts: Hoang Mai, Long Bien, Dong Anh, Hung Yen Province, Bac Ninh Province
Gia Lam boasts rich culture and traditions with a variety of temples, pagodas, and handicraft villages.
Bat Trang Pottery Village, Phu Dong Village, Ninh Hiep Village
Location: To the east of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Dan Phuong, Bac Tu Liem, Nam Tu Liem, Ha Dong
Hoai Duc is situated in an ancient land, with a long history of culture and traditions, giving it a diverse collection of tangible and intangible cultural heritage.
Son Dong Sculpture Village, Tong La Phu Pagoda, Yen So Temple
Location: to the north of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Soc Son, Dan Phuong
Me Linh is a place associated with Trung’s Sisters and was formerly a northernmost district of the city from 1979 to 1991.
Chi Dong Town
Location: 52 kilometers to the south of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Ung Hoa, Chuong My, Hoa Binh Province
Incorporated into Hanoi since 2008, the district is located in a semi-mountainous area in the south of the Northern Delta.
Huong Pagoda, Quan Son Lake
Location: 40 kilometers to the south of Hanoi’s center
Neighboring Districts: Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa
This is a region of sparse population density and vast unexploited land.
Quang Lang National Heritage
Phuc Tho District
Location: 35 kilometers to the west of Hanoi’s center
Neighboring Districts: Son Tay, Thach That, Quoc Oai
With a long-standing history, generations of Phuc Tho residents have contributed to the formation of the Red River civilization as well as the Thang Long-Hanoi’s 1000-year old culture.
Hat Mon Temple, The Trung Sisters’ Temple
Location: 20 kilometers from the city center
Neighboring Districts: Chuong My, Thach That, Phuc Tho
The neighborhood is known for its beautiful, peaceful and poetic scenery.
Thay Pagoda, So Temple
Location: to the north of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Me Linh, Dong Anh
Soc Son is a beautiful rural district of Hanoi. Noi Bai International Airport is located here.
Ham Lon Lake, Soc Temple, Non Nuoc Pagoda
The second-largest international airport in Vietnam
Location: To the west of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Phuc Tho, Quoc Oai, Ba Vi
Thach That District is known for various traditional villages, where annual celebrations are still celebrated.
Chang Son Carpentry Village, Huu Bang Weaving Village, Phu Hoa Water Puppet Village
Location: to the south-west of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: Ha Dong, Thanh Tri
Thanh Oai boasts characteristics of the traditional Northern Delta culture with many ancient pagodas and long-standing craft villages.
Chuong Village, Vac Village, Boi Khe Pagoda
Location: on the southeastern side of Hanoi, on the western bank of the Red River
Neighboring Districts: Thanh Xuan, Hoang Mai, Gia Lam, Ha Dong
Located on an ancient land in the south of the capital, Thanh Tri has a rich development and unique cultural tradition. The district is now witnessing a rapid increase in population.
Van Dien Market, Mega Plaza Thanh Tri
Location: To the south of Thanh Tri District
Neighboring Districts: Thanh Tri, Phu Xuyen, Thanh Oai
Thuong Tin is a beautiful rural district with a series of famous historical sites.
Dai Minh Pagoda, Phap Van Pagoda, Nguyen Trai’s Temple
Location: to the south of Hanoi
Neighboring Districts: My Duc, Chuong My, Thanh Oai, Phu Xuyen
Ung Hoa is a rural district of Hanoi, whose economy mostly relies on agriculture.
Trach Xa Temple, Bach Linh Temple
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We hope that our Hanoi Districts Overview above is of great help to you when planning to visit our beautiful capital city. If you’re interested in Hanoi or Vietnam travel, don’t hesitate to contact our team here to get up-to-date information and insightful Hanoi Travel Guides.
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© Written by Dũng Trần for itourvn.com
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I love the Tay Ho area, so many cool restaurants and bars