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Bun Rieu - Vietnamese Crab Noodle Soup


Lesser known around the world but very popular among locals, Bun Rieu is another dish you must try on your Vietnam trip

Ingredients of Bun Rieu and How Bun Rieu is Made

Four main components to look out for in a bowl of Vietnamese Crab Noodle Soup are crab paste, broth, noodles (or rice vermicelli), and meatballs. A bowl of Bun Rieu, however, also features other participants: blood tofu/blood pudding, fried tofu, tomatoes, shrimps, dried shrimps, fried shallots sprinkled on top, and even sea snails.

Below is a breakdown of each ingredient:

  • Crab Paste: "Rieu" is crab paste in Vietnamese. Crab paste may not look good to the eye, but its creamy texture and its rich taste is definitely going to melt you. Bun Rieu is kind of a pastoric, farmers’ choice dish, so instead of fancy oceanic crabs, paddy crabs (very small, about one-tenth the size of an average sea crab) which abound in Vietnamese paddy fields are used to make the crab paste of Bun Rieu. Now, there is a difference between the North and the South of Vietnam in the way they make crab paste. The northern crab paste is made solely from grinding whole paddy crabs (even the hard shell, but after cleaned and ground thoroughly, the creamy, soft texture is ensured). The southern crab paste, on the other hand, has a firmer texture since ground pork and egg yolk are added to the paste.
  • Broth: As is the case with other Vietnamese noodle soups, a good broth demands time and dedication: it is cooked from boiling pork bones, or rib bones, in a big pot of water for hours. This is meant to achieve a naturally sweet flavor of the broth that pleases every taste bud. Lazy cooks would just go with the industrial MSG and annoy their diners with an unpleasant and unhealthy sweetness, and that would ultimately kill their business, obviously. Tomatoes are another contributor to the flavorful broth of Bun Rieu.
  • Noodles/Rice vermicelli: made from rice, the carb of the dish, taking up a big part of the dish but essentially plays a complementary role to enhance the flavor of the other components (protein components). Noodles in Bun Rieu is similar to that in Bun Bo Hue but thinner.
  • Meatballs, or alternatively, Cha Lua (Vietnamese cold cuts): meaty and tasty, increasing the calories of the dish, making sure diners have a full, energizing meal.
  • Fried tofu: tofu is cut in cubes and deep-fried to have a crispy outer layer. A component that helps balance the amount of protein, making the dish less fatty.
  • Blood pudding: made from pork blood. Bland taste or can be a bit salty. Supplement of many minerals and add texture to the dish.
  • Fresh herbs and vegetables: bean sprouts, banana flowers, morning glory. The ultimate key to the balance of protein and fiber.
  • Optional condiments: shrimp paste, chili/spicy sauce, lime.

The Origin of Bun Rieu - Vietnamese Crab Noodle Soup

Bun Rieu is a well-known dish to all locals across Vietnam, but it is believed to originate from the North, particularly from the people of the Red River Delta (Dong Bang Song Hong), the biggest delta in the North. Then it spread to the Central region and the South following the southward migration of northern natives.

The northern version of Bun Rieu is less “crowded” than that of the south, starring crab paste, tomatoes (wedged slices), fried tofu, small cubes of fried pork fat, and shrimp paste. When it gets to the Central region, Cha Lua (cold cuts) are added. Then when it gets to the South (to be more exact, the Mekong Delta region), blood pudding, pork ribs, pettitoes, squids, dried shrimps, and even sea snails (Oc Buou) are added. Another note is that besides shrimp paste, southern people may also use tamarind to season the broth.

Different Versions of Bun Rieu - Vietnamese Crab Noodle Soup

We have regional Bun Rieu’s of North, South and Central Vietnam with varied components as just mentioned above. But essentially, based on the main ingredients in the bowl of Bun Rieu, we have the following varieties:

  • Regular Bun Rieu: crab paste, tofu, blood pudding, meatballs
  • Bun Rieu Cua Oc: regular Bun Rieu + sea snails
  • Bun Rieu Tom Cua: regular Bun Rieu + shrimps
  • Bun Rieu Cua Gio Heo: regular Bun Rieu + pettitoes

Where to Eat Bun Rieu - Vietnamese Crab Noodle Soup in Ho Chi Minh City

Although there are several options of Bun Rieu restaurants and street vendors in Ho Chi Minh City, the following 3 Bun Rieu restaurants offer decent, tasty Bun Rieu (we have tasted and testify this). They also offer a varied menu of Vietnamese drinks and desserts, if you fancy trying.

1. Bun Rieu Nha (District 1 and District 3)

Locations and Opening Hours:

  • 93 Nguyen Thai Hoc, District 1. Open 7 AM to 10:30 PM
  • 19E Ky Dong, District 3. Open 8.30 AM to 10 PM

Price range: VND 35,000 - 60,000 for Bun Rieu. There’s also crab paste hotpot at about VND 260,000.

Bun Rieu Nha looks very discernible from the outside. The colorful and warm decor inside. And the taste of its Bun Rieu didn’t disappoint. It is one of the rare places we truly feel the authentic taste of crab paste, creamy and savory. Meatballs are simple but done right, again very “real”, unlike the mediocre processed meatballs you may stumble into in some insensitive Bun Rieu street vendor. Convenient location in the city center, so definitely a good place to sample Vietnamese Crab Noodle Soup.

bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun rieu nha nguyen thai hoc 1

Bun Rieu Nha from the outside

bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun rieu nha nguyen thai hoc bun rieu thuong

A bowl of Bun Rieu done right. Simple and mouthwatering

bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun rieu nha nguyen thai hoc menu 1 bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun rieu nha nguyen thai hoc menu 2

A varied menu with different versions of Bun Rieu and Vietnamese drinks

bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun rieu nha nguyen thai hoc inside bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun rieu nha nguyen thai hoc inside 2

Colorful and warm decor inside

2. Bun Oc Thanh Hai (District 3)

Address: 14/12 Ky Dong, District 3
Opening hours: 7 AM to 9 PM
Price range: VND 32,000 - 45,000

Nestled in a big alley branch from Ky Dong Street, District 3, Bun Oc Thanh Hai offers the special sea snails Bun Rieu and also regular Bun Rieu. We were pleased with the taste of all ingredients in a bowl of Bun Rieu Cua Oc of this restaurant: the broth, the crab paste, tomatoes, sea snails. And unlike most other Bun Rieu restaurants, you don’t have any tofu or meatballs or pork cold cuts in your dish, but you can order a serving of fried tofu at VND 10,000 if you want. The frequent comes and goes of delivery staff is a testament to the quality and popularity of dishes here.

bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun oc thanh hai overview bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun oc thanh hai how to find

Bun Oc Thanh Hai is nestled in a large alley

bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun oc thanh hai menu

The varied menu of Bun Oc Thanh Hai

bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun oc thanh hai bun rieu cua oc

A satisfying bowl of Bun Rieu Cua Oc

3. Bun Rieu Tom Cua (District 10)

Address: 363 Vinh Vien, District 10
Opening hours: 9 AM - 9 PM
Prices range: VND 32,000 to 40,000

This restaurant in District 10 offers Bun Rieu Tom Cua (regular Bun Rieu + shrimps). As opposed to the two restaurants above whose tastes gravitate towards the northern style, the broth at this restaurant is sweeter and more southerners-friendly, although we find it a bit less sophisticated and satisfying as the broth of the other two. Since it follows and reflects the southern style, the crab paste has a firmer texture featuring ground meat and egg yolk. You can try the northern way at the other two restaurants and the southern way at this eatery to find out which one is your preference.

bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun rieu tom cua vinh vien outside view bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun rieu tom cua vinh vien menu

Bun Rieu Tom Cua is located on the busy food street of District 10 - Vinh Vien Street

bun rieu vietnamese crab noodle soup bun rieu tom cua vinh vien

A southern-styled bowl of Bun Rieu

Summary of Bun Rieu - Vietnamese Crab Noodle Soup

Try Bun Rieu, one of the most popular noodle soups among locals, to know what it tastes like to have crab paste, noodles, savory broth, fried tofu, meatballs and so on in one dish!

Join our Food Tours in Ho Chi Minh City to try many more delicacies of Vietnam!


© Written by Vy Thai for



Guest - Guadalupe Francis on Saturday, 26 October 2019 13:53

The one in Ben Thanh market is the best in town

The one in Ben Thanh market is the best in town
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